完美世界手游妖精宠物多久刷新一次:美國旅游英語 - 應急復習版

完美世界手游古橡之灵获得 www.mrdue.icu 2016-5-31 16:45

學習時間:1小時
目的: 幫助有一段時間不用英語的同學 復習,可以在飛機上完成~~~
其他: 歡迎英語好的同學糾正錯誤,補充實用內容~~
備注: 這篇文章是從我們的英國站copy過來的,所以可能有些地方還是在用英式英語...

機場英語


假設你選擇的是國外航空公司,同時該公司沒有中文服務人員。如果選擇的是國航等,那就不用考慮托運行李,飛機上的英語了。


      

1. 托運行李
-  遞給對方護照和機票,對方可能會問:
    How many luggages are you checking in? (有多少件托運行李?)
    Do you have a carry on? (有手提行李沒?)
    Can you place your baggage up here? (請把行李放上來(傳送帶/小盒子))
-  出票前可能會問:
    Do you prefer window or aisle? (想靠窗還是靠走廊)如果對方不問你,但是你想找個靠窗座位,可以說
    Can I have a seat closest to the window?
-  最后,對方給你登機牌,會告訴你登機門號和時間:
    Here are your tickets. The gate number is on the bottom of the ticket.
    They will start boarding 20 minutes before the departure time. You should report to gate C2 by then.
    C2 is around the corner and down the hall. Thank you."
* 如果你行李超重,對方會說 your luggage is overweight. 以上問題回答都是yes, no的就  不寫了。

        

2. 飛行過程中的英語

其實沒什么好說的,無非是讓你選餐時,你選chicken還是beef此類的.....你就說
Chicken please 一切OK.



主動要水:Could I have a cup of orange juice, please
主動要毯子:May I have a blanket?

如果要找個人換座,可以說:Would it be possible to change seats with someone?
如果有人坐在你椅子上了,可以說: I'm sorry, I think you are in my seat.


飛機廣播一般不用聽懂,多數情況下就是遇到湍流,請系緊安全帶之類
Please fasten your seat belt。
P.S 有很多同學去UK是蜜月,可能是第一次坐長時間航班,補充幾點:
1. 飛機上衛生間的英文標識是 lavatory
2. 飛機下降前,空乘會嚴格要求 “系緊安全帶 + 收起桌板 + 調正座椅 + 打開窗簾(遮板)” -- 原因是飛機下降和起飛都是最危險階段,桌板會導致危險(可想而知),座椅不正的話安全帶無法起作用,打開遮板是為了讓人的眼睛能提前適應外面的黑暗或者強光。


3. 在境外轉機
轉機時,先看機票上的航班號,然后從機場的航班指示屏幕上找到該航班在那個GATE登機,最后順著機場標示走到這個GATE就好,不需要說話。但特殊情況可能是,你到了后,發現屏幕上有你要轉的航班號,但是后面的GATE是空的,這時候你可以向機場工作人員確認下 hello, could you tell me which gate is for the flight XXX(航班號) please, 一般他們都會回答這個飛機delay了,或者在maintain , 需要再等待一下。




4.
抵達目的地,入關
其實入關,不用說什么,很多時候你就微笑下,遞給海關護照...他蓋章就讓你進去了,下面是邏輯上可能的標準對話:
海關:where did you fly from? 或者 where have you come from?
你:from China
(如果你不給他護照,或者他需要別的東西會說:
May I have your passport and sth, please?)
海關:what is the purpose of your visit?
你: Sightseeing (說travel當然也可以,但Sightseeing更地道)
海關:How long are you planning to stay?
你:Two weeks.

        

5. 從目的地返回時過安檢(托運那塊和開始是一樣的)
- 安檢基本上不說話,頂多是查的嚴時讓你脫掉鞋和皮帶:
  Take off your belt / Take your shoes off. 什么的


6. 實用單詞
姓:Family name,Surname
名:First Name,Given name
性別:sex,gender
男:male; 女:female
國籍:nationality,country of citizenship
護照號:passport number
原住地:country of origin
前往國:destination country
登機城市:city where you boarded
簽證簽發地:city where visa was issued
簽發日期:date of issue
出生日期:date of birth,birth date
年:year;月:month;日:day
偕行人數:accompanying number
簽名:signature
官方填寫:official use only
職業:occupation
護照:Passport;
簽證:Visa
登機、啟程:Embarkation
登岸:Disembarkation
商務簽證:Business Visa
觀光簽證:Tourist Visa
乘機常用詞匯航站、終點站:Terminal
行李:Baggage,Luggage
托運的行李:Checked baggage
行李領取處:Baggage claim area
隨身行李:Carry-on baggage
行李牌:Baggage Tag
行李推車:Luggage Cart
退稅處:Tax-free refund
盥洗室(廁所):Lavatory,washroom,toiletW.C.=water closet,rest room
男廁:Men's,Gent's,Gentlemen's
女廁:Women's,Lady's
使用中:Occupied
空閑:Vacant
男(女)空服員:Steward(Stewardess)
機內免稅販賣:In-Flight Sales
錢幣兌換常用詞匯外幣兌換店:Currency Exchange Shop
匯率:Exchange rate
旅行支票:Traveler's check
手續費:Commission
銀行買入價:We buy(Bid)
銀行賣出價:We sell(Ask)
入境大廳:Arrival Lobby
出境大廳:Departure Lobby
機門號碼:Gate Number
登機證:Boarding Card,Boarding Pass
機場稅:Airport Tax
登機手續辦理處:Check in Counter
海關申報處:Customs Service Area
貨幣申報:Currency Declaration
免稅商品:Duty-Free Items
大號:large;中號:medium;小號:small
紀念品:Souvenir





7. 人工柜臺換錢
問哪里有換錢的地方: Is there a money change around?
換美金:Could you please exchange this into the US Dollar.

交通工具



買地鐵票
恩....都是自動售票機器....

公交車
確認是否乘對了車: Can I get to XXX on this bus? 問車費:How much is the fare?
問旁邊人的這是哪站:Where are we? (因為很多城市根本不報站,沒提示啊 親,再次提醒,提前做好功課)


問是否是這個地方下車
公交車的話,抓旁邊的人問 Excuse me, I am going to XX , should I get off at this stop?
火車的話,Excuse me, I am going to XX , should I get off at this station? (這里科普下,有的車廂沒有提示,廣播又很難聽懂...這時候,你要做的是 提前了解這條路線經過那些站,以及注意牌子 <--- 車減速進站時,窗外會看到一個一閃而過的牌子)P.S. 再次提醒,身邊的人可能不愛理你(因為好多人是住郊區,坐火車上下班,對沿途不關心,確實不知道是哪里什么的) 記著換人問~



出租車
上車告訴司機去哪里: XXXX hotel, please. 或者拿著酒店名片/地址等,說: Take me to this address, please
讓司機打開后備箱:Could you help me open the boot?
問價格:How much is the fare (其實司機會主動告訴你的)

小費:如果接近整數 你高興的話,可以說 Keep the change 就好了!但也可以不給小費,司機也會耐心給你找零,傳說他們掙的很多~

酒店篇


因為大家都是提前在網上預訂好,所以這里就不介紹預訂英語了,要說話的地方應該就是check in 和check out時,如果想要額外的room service....那進了房間看服務的冊子(room menu)吧,這里也不多提了。

Check in 很簡單,走進大堂,找到前臺,把護照遞給他,然后說
         Hi, I have a reservation and I am checking in。

* 他們可能會要你的信用卡,凍結點錢,防止你搞破壞,或者看付費頻道后逃跑......
   然后他們就給你鑰匙......你去找房間就好啦。

* 這里的一個常見問題是問早餐幾點開始: What time do you start serving breakfast?



Check out 同樣,你就說  I'd like to Check out, please 然后給他們鑰匙就成了!
* 如果你有額外消費(收費節目,吃了冰箱的東西等),酒店會對你說:
  "Your credit card will be charged a total of $256.78. Can you sign on the bottom?"
  "Should we charge the credit card on file or did you want to use a different card?"
  然后你簽單走人也就好了。
* 如果你不知道幾點check out,可以提前一天問前臺:
  What time do I have to check out tomorrow?* 如果你一人搞不定行李,希望有人來幫忙,可以電話前臺:
  Could you sent someone up for my luggage?
* 如果想寄存行李:
  Is it possible to leave my luggage here until XX(時間)



讓酒店前臺幫忙叫出租車:
因為出租車是要靠電話叫的,所以可以拜托前臺,可以說:
Hello, I am going to XXXX, Could you please call me a taxi?
也可以提前訂車:
I'd like to go to XXXXX, Could you please help me to book a taxi at 時間.



其他:
* check in后,酒店可能會問你是否need help with your bags,需要的話...記得給小費,不想給就自己來,就說 No thanks 就好。
* 如果你要人給你清掃房間,可以對前臺說:Could you get someone to clean my room, please?
* 如果想去別的地方,比如市中心,可以問前臺: How do I get to city center from here? Can I take a bus or do I have to take a taxi? 或者 Do you have a map of the city ?
* 如果要前臺推薦吃飯的地方可以說: Can you recommend a good restaurant around here?
* 如果房間里什么東西壞了: There is something wrong with XXX.
* 隔壁太吵:It is very noisy next door.

餐飲篇


快餐
比如麥當勞和Subway,其實...旅游期間...有時候會覺得麥當勞挺好吃的....其英語對話也非常簡單:
麥當勞:.... welcome to McDonald's. May I take your order? ...
你: I'll take a Big Mac and a small coke. (當然,要套餐最容易,直接說 No.7 please 就可以。)
麥當勞: One Big Mac and One small coke, Will that be all?
你: Yes
麥當勞: Will that be for here or to go?
你: For here please.
麥當勞: The total comes to 5歐
你:..... 給錢.......

引申版:
可樂換成別的:Can I change the coke to juice?
不加冰:No Ice, please
單詞提醒:番茄醬 Ketchup, 餐飲紙 Napkin或者tissue, 吸管 Straw

P.S.我要點XXX 這個,比較簡單的說法就是 I'll have XX 或者 I'll take XX,更禮貌的說法是 I'd like to have/take XXX, 不禮貌的說法是 Can I get XXX.


咖啡館
請先回顧下自己常喝咖啡的大體名字,Black coffe, Latte, Cappuccino,忘記發音的話,可以自行去星巴克復習~
要咖啡,可以簡單的 XXX,please 完成,也可以完整的說, Please give me a cup of XXX 完成。




餐館篇
進餐館時,如果有人招待,可能會問你 Welcome to XX. Do you have a reservation?
你可以說 No, Do you have any free tables right now? ..... 然后他會給你帶到桌子那里去
如果你不滿意,比如想找個靠窗的桌子,可以說 Could we get a table by the window?

入座后,餐館先會問你是否要個飲料,比如:
Would you like to order a drink now? / What would you like to drink.
如果你不想花錢喝飲料,直接說 Water will be fine 或者 Can I have a glass of water? 就成!
想喝東西的話可以說 I'll take a coke, I'll have an orange juice, 或者你可以問下 What kind of drinks do you have?等。

然后餐館給你端來水(期間你可以研究下菜單),會問你是否開始點菜:
May I take your order? /. What would like to order? / Are you ready to order?

如果你還沒想好,說 Can I have a couple more minutes? 或者說 We need a few minutes to decide.
想好了,服務生走了,可以說 waiter/waitress, may I order?
點菜就簡單了:
I'll take the Salisbury steak.... (不會發音, 那就指著菜單說 I'll take this,或者this one, this one的也成)

你點好后,餐館可能會根據你點的,推薦點別的,比如
Would you like toast, a muffin, or a cornbread?  不想要繼續 No thanks 。
...... 然后就可以等著,然后吃飯了!

吃飯期間,有些餐館可能會來人問你
How is everything? Is everything ok? How is your dinner? Do you need anything else?
其實...就是問你是否還想要點別的,多賺點錢....話說回來一開始你也確實不用把甜點啊什么都點了... 如果你覺得味道還行可以說 Yes, that was a really great meal. We both loved it. 然后餐館可能會說 Is there anything else I can get you? 不要就是No thanks,要的話....就繼續take這個那個好了。

當你快吃完了,餐館可能會問你是否來點甜點。
Would you like dessert today?  / Would you like our dessert menu?  
不要的話,no thanks繼續,要的話可以要個dessert menu,然后繼續take這個那個的。

如果要結賬,盯著一個服務人員看,然后揮下手叫人過來,然后說
Can I have my check? 或者 Check, please.

想打包:
Could you please pack up these (指東西)

如果是熱門餐館,你想訂餐:
I'd like to book a table for X people, We'll come at XXpm today。

如果是熱門餐館,你沒有訂餐,要排隊,你想知道多久:
how much longer do we have to wait? 或者
how many people are waiting in front of us?

如果是小餐館,進去后沒人理:
要菜單: menu, please.
等半天沒上菜: We haven't got our food yet / I placed my order 30 minutes ago
上菜給上錯了: I didn't order this.
結帳了,錢算錯了:We didn't order this / What's this 10 dollars for
要個打包袋子:Could you give me  a doggie bag?

* 如果想多要個盤子什么的:please give me one more table/knife/fork/cup等等。
* 如果你不知道是直接給錢還是收錢的那塊給錢(這句話說的很別扭...) 可以拿了check后說 Excuse me, do we pay here or at the case register.
* 如果你不知道餐費里是不是包含了小費,你可以直接問:Is the tip included in the check? 人家說No的話就掏錢吧.....
* 另外...有時候很餓又找不到餐館,問路時就是 Excuse me, could you tell me where the nearest restaurant is?


市場里買散裝食品
問能保鮮多久:How long does it stay fresh?

FAQ
Q. 牛排或者牛肉類的生熟度如何表達?
A. 全熟不見血是 Well done,中間粉色是 Medium,再生一點是 Medium Rare,三分熟也就是切開后一片粉色是 Rare

Q. 蒸烤炒這些做菜方式的英文是什么?
A. 煮(boil) 比如雞蛋;  煎(fry) 比如牛排,薯條;烤(roast) 烤箱里的各種肉;蒸(steam) 一般是蒸蔬菜

購物



如果是在商?。?/strong>
一般店員會問:May I help you? 或者 Can I help you find something?
我一般就是 I'm just looking around. 呵呵,如果你確實在找東西,比如要個小號的襯衫,那就是Yes, Do you have this shirt in a smaller size?或者 Where are your blue jeans 這類。
買鞋比較特殊,因為你必須要售貨員給拿出來?你要找到店員問:
Can I try this shoe on in a seven?  /  Can I get this in a size six? (或者你就是想問是否能試試,那 Can I try it on? 這種就OK了)
因為國內和歐式標準不大一樣,所以下面得話比較有用:
I don't know what my size is, can you take my measurement?
在其他類型的店里,其實就不用說什么話了,無非是你在找東西時可以問下,
但句型很簡單: Where can I find xxx? / Do you sell XX here?
* 問試衣間在哪里: Where is the fitting room?  試過后覺得不合適需要小號,I think I need a smaller size.
* 問是否能刷卡 Can I pay by credit card.
* 確認衣服是不是打折: It's on sale, right?
* 問店什么時候開門,什么時候關門: What time do you open in the morning?  /  What time do you close?
* 最后補一個......最初學者....購物必問句: How much is it?

衣服單詞:gloves - 手套,boots - 靴子,socks - 襪子,jeans - 仔褲,jacket - 夾克,skirt - 短裙,hat - 帽子,shoes - 鞋,belt - 皮帶,shirt - 襯衫 ,boxers - 男士短褲

如果是在集市/小店:
問這貨多少錢:How much is it? 問是否接受信用卡:Do you accept credit card?
表達太貴: It is too expensive  如果想表達一種磨嘰價格的感覺,則是 It is little pricey 或者說 It is out of my price range 都可以
想直接砍價:Can you give me a better deal?
想表達這價格接受不了,我再去其他店逛逛:I will shop around for a while.

問路等



沒聽懂對方時
讓對方說慢些: I am not good at English, Could you speak slowly?
讓對方再說一遍:用疑問語氣說 Sorry? 就可以。

問衛生間在那里
Could you tell me where is the rest room? (或者說 men's room ,lady's room,用wc, toilet 對方會表示疑惑)


問路:Excuse me, Could you please tell me the way to the railway station?
拿著地圖問自己在那里:Excuse me, Where am I on the map?
問最近的XX在那里:Excuse me, where is the nearest XXX?

可能回答(有很多種,抓關鍵詞就好)  ---- 提示一下,如果你沒聽懂,最好再確認下,真覺得對方口音搞不定,也稍微等人家走遠再換人問,要不那人會覺得你耍他....
Turn right after you pass McDonalds.
When you see a church on your left hand side, turn right on the next street.
Go down the street, turn left on Williams street, and it will be right around the corner from the gas station.
It's pretty far from here, Go on Williams Street for about 2 miles, you'll see it next to a school.

食物名稱速查表






示范菜單 - Denny's



Denny's 是美國最常見的連鎖餐廳,物美價廉,量又足...
然后美國菜可能是世界上最好理解,最不需要說明的菜系了...
P.S. 其實用漢堡啥的指代美國菜并不合理,美國是多民族國家,可能周一要個中餐,周二吃個墨西哥菜的。。對他們來說都是美國人的飲食日?!?br />
早餐系


漢堡三明治系


小吃零食


甜點


沙拉,湯



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